By Simone Preuss on September 13, 2010

Could you imagine living in a bunker? Far from drab and depressing, repurposed bunkers take on a life of their own, providing peace, quiet and safety.

Image via treehugger

Military bunkers have long been an eyesore for those living close to them. Like gray behemoths, they stand around, waiting to be used again for their original purpose. Luckily, though, they don’t necessarily have to go back to being used for warfare — in Germany, many were recycled as homes decades ago by students and people living alternative lifestyles.

Three old military bunkers refurbished as stylish houses by Luczak architects in Cologne. Image via aknw.

However, now there seems to be a new trend: refurbishing old military bunkers and turning them into high-quality apartments. Germany has a treasure trove of these kinds of conversions, as many architects are rediscovering old bunkers as sustainable and easy-to-maintain residential buildings.

Not pretty but functional: the old German submarine bunker in Trondheim

Image: Aslak Raanes

Architects Rainer Mielke and Claus Freudenberg of mielke+freudenberg specialize in converting old military bunkers in the northern German city of Bremen into living quarters. Their reasoning: “Bunkers have been built to receive people and to shelter them. Because of their massive construction, they last even without costly maintenance efforts.”

Image: Emder Muschelschubser

And indeed, many architects appreciate their sturdiness and low risk of geological disruption, making them safe, lasting and stylish buildings, too. A prime example of this is the remodeled bunker in the northern German town of Emden (above). Here, only the strict square form reminds one of the building’s original purpose.

Military bunkers were built to protect troops and civilians, but also machinery and important equipment from air raids. There was a bunker building boom during World War II due to the development of aerial warfare and the existence of aircraft which could transport heavy bombs. In Germany especially, bunkers were built in abundance, as is still apparent today.

A bunker with a cool blue roof at Claussenstrasse in Bremen

Image via thelocal

Many of them were industrial bunkers, built to safeguard important industries but also food, materials and files from aerial bombardment. Many also served as living quarters. On their website, Mielke and Freudenberg explain why it makes sense to repurpose old bunkers: "Because of their central location in many suburbs, many of them are ideal for living. We convert these bunkers into residential buildings in a modern and sustainable fashion and integrate these historical buildings into the cityscape without denying their own identity.”

A bunker turned studio in Frankfurt

Image via treehugger

The story behind this bunker is quite intriguing. Admittedly not the prettiest, Frankfurt's residents too found it an eyesore but had to live with it, as demolishing the extremely compact bunker would have been too costly. Turning it into living quarters was also out of the question, as it is located in a non-residential part of town, between junkyards and shipping container depots. Finally, Index Architects came up with a practical solution and, using the old bunker as a giant table, added artists' studios and a space for the Institute of New Media on top. And the old bunker? It's now housing musicians' studios.

Like a bird’s nest on top of the bunker

Image via thelocal

After World War II, most bunkers were abandoned, as the occupying forces had no use for them and Germany was focused on rebuilding its economy rather than its military. However, given their sturdiness, they survived all these decades unscathed and can be found in abundance around WWII hotspots like the former mining area around the Ruhr, in Berlin and Dresden, along the borders, and even on some of the beaches. In the suburb of Poppelsdorf in Germany’s former capital Bonn, for example, Scherf Architects used an old WWII bunker as the foundation for three apartments and simply built on top of the existing structure, thus guaranteeing a good view.

Image via immowelt

The "basement" that is the old bunker, houses the heating, electricity and other maintenance functions.

Image via immowelt

At the corner of Dortmund’s Wittelbacher and Landgrafen streets, the old bunker was a 20- x 20-square-meter block, 10 meters high with 2-meter-thick walls. It used to look gray and depressing…

Image via bunker-dortmund

… before it was turned into this cool building:

Image via bunker-dortmund

Here is another bunker in Emden that has been repurposed.

Image via luftschutzbunker

There are a surprising number of uses for abandoned military bunkers. All it takes is a creative architect, some imagination and innovative design. People who like peace and quiet and a feeling of safety will appreciate living in one of these constructions. For other cool uses to which bunkers have been put, take a look here.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

About the author

Simone is a writer and editor at Environmental Graffiti, an innovative green site currently looking for writers! Imagine having your work seen by up to 10 million people every month, writing for one of the Internet’s most trafficked environmental websites and getting paid for it. Whether it is extreme sports, conservation, art or freaky nature that floats your boat, Environmental Graffiti gives you a platform and a voice to share your knowledge, and meet people like you. You control the news, the news does not control you...

Learn more about Simone Preuss


There are no comments for this post yet

Articles by Simone Preuss

Natural Landscapes Recreated in Junk

By Simone Preuss on September 21, 2011

Environmental artist Tom Deininger upcycles old, unwanted junk on a truly grand scale.

Cute Little Robots Created from Retro Household Junk

By Simone Preuss on September 16, 2011

Discover how a bit of grinding, drilling and riveting can transform a pile of rusting parts into wonderful recycled junk robots with their own personalities.

Human Bodies Created Out of Dissected Typewriters

By Simone Preuss on September 15, 2011

Reduce, reuse, reassemble seems to be artist Jeremy Mayer’s recycling motto. He dissects salvaged typewriters and forms astonishingly lifelike sculptures.

Home and Garden Articles

Current News

Non-Profit in San Diego Teaches Recycling & Art to Local Students

By 1-800-RECYCLING on March 31, 2015

Art FORM is teaching young students and the San Diego community to look at recyclables in a new light.

3 Food Companies Making an Eco-Friendly Splash

By 1-800-RECYCLING on March 30, 2015

Some companies see "green" and "eco-friendly" as handy marketing buzzwords, but we highlight three food companies that demonstrate what it means to go green.

Recycling Profile: Phoenix

By 1-800-RECYCLING on January 16, 2015

One of the country's largest curbside recycling programs is found in Phoenix, where the city is taking new measures to reach a 40% diversion rate goal.